Drug Deaddiction

Breaking free from the chains of drug addiction is a transformative journey towards reclaiming one's life and well-being. Our drug deaddiction program offers a compassionate and evidence-based approach, guiding individuals towards lasting recovery.

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With personalized treatment plans, therapeutic support, and a focus on addressing underlying issues, we empower individuals to embrace a healthier, drug-free future. Take the first step towards healing and rediscover hope and resilience on the path to a fulfilling life.

What is Drug Addiction?

Addiction, a disease impacting both the brain and behavior, compels individuals to use drugs despite the potential harm. Seeking early treatment for drug addiction, also known as substance use disorder, increases the likelihood of avoiding severe consequences.

Drug addiction extends beyond illicit substances like heroin or cocaine; legal substances such as alcohol, nicotine, sleep aids, anti-anxiety medications, and even prescription or illicitly obtained opioids can lead to addiction. The United States is facing an epidemic of opioid addiction, with opioids contributing to two-thirds of all drug overdose deaths in 2018.

Initially, one may choose to use a drug due to the pleasurable effects it produces, believing they can maintain control over usage. However, drugs gradually alter brain function, resulting in enduring physical changes. These changes undermine self-control and can lead to harmful behaviors.

De-addiction Service

De-addiction counseling encompasses a process aimed at overcoming harmful dependencies on substances such as alcohol, nicotine, and potent psychotropic drugs. It extends beyond addressing substance abuse alone, also addressing addictive behaviors like excessive gaming, the use of electronic gadgets, sex, and masturbation. Individuals grappling with any form of addiction may encounter difficulties in carrying out daily activities and commonly experience feelings of depression and anxiety. De-addiction counseling plays a vital role in fostering awareness of the negative consequences associated with addiction, while equipping individuals with effective strategies for managing their issues and attaining self-control.

When Do You Need De-addiction Service?

One of the tell tale signs of needing de addiction services is how it impacts a person’s physical and mental health. Here are a few scenarios that can act as examples:

Physical damage or disease: Smoking substances such as tobacco or weed can result in addiction and contribute to respiratory system harm. Similarly, injecting drugs can lead to damage in your veins and arteries, which can ultimately result in the development of incurable diseases.

Withdrawal Symptoms: Intense addiction can trigger various symptoms, including strong cravings, trembling, and, in extreme cases, a potential for violent behavior.

Feeling of helplessness: Once addiction takes hold, a sense of helplessness can arise, causing individuals to exhibit uncharacteristic behavior. They may abandon their once-enjoyed hobbies and activities, prioritizing the acquisition of their substance of choice, often resorting to sacrificing other aspects of their lives in order to obtain it.

Financial difficulties: Addiction can lead to a significant depletion of financial resources as the individual spends all their money on acquiring the addictive substances. The lack of control over expenses becomes apparent, with individuals sometimes prioritizing their addiction over essential expenditures, jeopardizing the stability of their supply.

Excess consumption of substances: An excessive consumption of drugs, alcohol, or tobacco can escalate to physical abuse, particularly prevalent among individuals struggling with alcohol addiction.

Legal issues: Drug addiction can give rise to legal complications, as individuals may resort to risky behavior and even engage in illegal activities in order to obtain their drugs more rapidly. This behavior puts themselves at further risk and increases the likelihood of breaking the law.

How Will a De-addiction Service Help You to Stay Fit?

Deaddiction services, which are also referred to as rehabilitation or treatment programs, have a primary goal of assisting individuals in overcoming their addiction to substances like drugs or alcohol. For which experts aim to assist their patients to achieve optimal health, here’s how it can help:

Reduced craving for drugs: Regular participation in de-addiction services can significantly reduce drug cravings, and over time, these cravings can eventually diminish and cease altogether.

Physical fitness: Once an individual abstains from drugs or substances, they will experience a notable improvement in their physical well-being. The process of de-addiction and physical fitness are closely intertwined, as quitting drugs often leads to enhanced physical health and holistic fitness.

Better relationships: If an individual struggles with pornography addiction, engaging in de-addiction services can be beneficial in several ways. These services can assist them in identifying and addressing the underlying issues that contribute to their addiction. By working through these underlying factors, they can improve not only their ability to overcome the addiction but also enhance their personal relationships.

Mental Fitness: Addiction often leads to significant mental stress and can contribute to the development or exacerbation of depression. However, seeking de-addiction services can provide significant mental relief and a sense of freedom from stress.

Financial Stability: De-addiction therapy aims to not only support individuals in overcoming their addiction but also to restore their financial stability. By breaking free from the cycle of spending money on drugs or cigarettes, individuals can learn healthy financial management skills. This includes prioritizing necessary expenses and making responsible financial choices, ultimately helping them regain control of their finances and build a more stable future.

Support dealing with relapse: In the event of experiencing cravings or temptations for addictive substances, our de-addiction program empowers individuals to develop the necessary skills and tools to effectively cope with a potential relapse on their own. Through the program, individuals gain resilience, self-awareness, and strategies to manage cravings and triggers, enabling them to navigate potential relapse situations with confidence and self-control.

De-addiction Centre

Alcohol De-addiction Treatment

Detoxification is the initial step in alcohol de-addiction treatment, aimed at eliminating the physiological effects of addictive substances and neutralizing their toxic properties, particularly affecting the liver. At Hope Trust, our medical team closely monitors individuals during detox, assessing both physical and psychological symptoms.

Alcohol addiction encompasses substance abuse symptoms and physical dependence on drinking. If one feels compelled to drink or relies on alcohol for functioning, they may consider themselves an alcoholic.

Why Medication is Needed for Addiction Treatment

Medications are a necessity during the period of withdrawal. Long term abuse of alcohol has a sedative effect on the body, which is why when an individual suddenly withdraws from alcohol there is a phase of excitability. This phase can be deadly if not for the use of medication.



The phase of excitability can cause a range of symptoms like a spike in blood pressure and rapid heart rate, which can eventually lead to delirium tremens, tremors and even delirium. Extreme cases. Alcohol withdrawal that is left untreated can lead to seizures, heart attack or even strokes.

Medications for Alcohol Withdrawal

In the case of alcohol withdrawal, the most commonly used forms of medications are benzodiazepines and sedatives that help calm anxiety and nervous system excitability by slowing down nerve impulses. The short term effects of these medications are drowsiness, dizziness and dry mouth.

Medications for Maintenance

Here are some approved medications for treating alcohol dependence and promoting long term sobriety after withdrawal:

Disulfiram (Antabuse)

A commonly prescribed medication for alcohol addiction is Disulfiram, which has been in use for a significant period of time. Its mechanism of action involves inducing unpleasant symptoms if alcohol is consumed, discouraging further drinking. However, the popularity of Disulfiram has decreased over time due to the reluctance of individuals to take it.

Naltrexone

Naltrexone, a medication used for alcohol addiction, functions by inhibiting the receptors in the brain responsible for the pleasurable sensations associated with alcohol consumption. It can be administered in the form of a daily pill or a monthly injection. According to Weaver, common side effects of Naltrexone include nausea, drowsiness, headache, and irritability. It's important to note that Naltrexone also blocks the response to opioid pain relievers. 

Acamprosate

Acamprosate is a recently approved medication for the treatment of alcohol addiction. Its mechanism of action involves altering brain chemistry to alleviate symptoms of anxiety, irritability, and restlessness commonly experienced during early sobriety. According to Weaver, Acamprosate is associated with minimal side effects. The only drawback is the requirement of taking two pills three times per day, necessitating regular adherence to the medication schedule.

Other Options for Alcohol Addiction Treatment

Along with that there are two other alternatives to the above mentioned medications. They are:

Anti-seizure Medications

Anti-seizure medications, such as topiramate, which is primarily used for epilepsy and migraine prevention, are sometimes prescribed by doctors for alcohol addiction treatment, despite not having official approval for this specific use. According to an analysis conducted by the Veterans Health Administration and published in the journal Addiction Science and Clinical Practice in 2013, topiramate, taken as a daily pill, has demonstrated efficacy in reducing alcohol consumption similar to naltrexone and acamprosate.

Ivermectin

The University of Southern California is conducting research on the potential application of ivermectin, a drug commonly used to treat parasite infections, in the treatment of alcohol addiction. Promising results from laboratory studies involving mice have encouraged researchers to explore its potential role in human subjects, not only as a treatment but also as a preventive measure. This ongoing investigation aims to further understand the efficacy and mechanisms of ivermectin in addressing alcohol addiction.

Alcohol and Drug Addiction Rehabilitation Process

While the experiences of individuals may differ, those who undergo addiction rehab can typically anticipate going through four main phases of the treatment process: intake, detoxification, rehabilitation, and aftercare/ongoing recovery. The intake phase involves a thorough assessment that serves as the basis for developing a personalized treatment plan. Detoxification, on the other hand, focuses on managing and alleviating the unpleasant withdrawal symptoms associated with discontinuing substance use.

Understanding the Addiction Rehab Process

The transition from a substance use disorder (SUD) to a life of sobriety is a challenging and ongoing process that requires time, commitment, and perseverance. While it is not an easy journey, seeking professional treatment can provide valuable support and guidance for individuals embarking on this path. Professional treatment plays a vital role in helping many individuals initiate their pursuit of a healthy, sober life.

Phase 1: Intake - Creating a Customized Care Plan

Rehabilitation facilities may employ different processes, but typically the intake phase involves a consultation with a professional to explore treatment options and determine the most suitable approach for your circumstances. The primary objective is to create a personalized treatment plan by evaluating your medical, emotional, and social well-being.

During the intake process, the treatment team conducts comprehensive assessments encompassing medical examinations, psychological evaluations, and psychosocial assessments. These evaluations not only delve into your personal history of drug use, family background related to addiction, and financial arrangements for treatment, but also provide valuable insights for tailoring the treatment plan to meet your specific needs.

Phase 2: Detox - Safely Removing Addictive Substances From Your Body

Individuals who experience withdrawal syndromes due to physical substance dependence may encounter severe discomfort or even hazardous conditions. For those at risk of encountering such challenging withdrawal syndromes, medical detox settings offer valuable benefits in terms of enhanced supervision, monitoring, and the potential for pharmacologic interventions. In these settings, detoxification is carried out under close supervision, particularly in rehabilitation centers, where medication may be administered to alleviate the withdrawal symptoms associated with specific drugs, such as heroin and prescription opioids.

Phase 3: Rehab - Building the Foundation of Long-term Treatment Efforts

In order to help individuals with Substance Use Disorders (SUDs) break free from their previous lifestyles, inpatient treatment programs offer a solution by removing them from potentially problematic home environments and providing round-the-clock care within a treatment facility, overseen by dedicated staff personnel. This type of program is particularly beneficial for individuals seeking intensive support and a structured environment.

On the other hand, outpatient care is suitable for individuals who have significant work or family responsibilities, such as caring for children or elderly parents. This treatment option allows them to maintain these important obligations while receiving the necessary support for their addiction. Outpatient care is generally recommended for individuals with milder or shorter-term addictions, although it may be less ideal for those with severe, long-term addictions or individuals with dual diagnosis conditions.

Rehab Therapy: Once effective withdrawal management and successful detoxification are achieved, the focus can shift towards long-term recovery, which is where the rehabilitation phase becomes crucial. This phase, characterized by intensive therapy and counseling, forms the bedrock of ongoing treatment efforts. Through these therapeutic interventions, individuals can delve into the underlying issues that contribute to their addictions. It is during this phase that patients have the opportunity to address these root causes and develop strategies to move forward in life without resorting to drugs, alcohol, or engaging in addictive behaviors once again. By addressing these core issues, individuals can effectively embrace a life of sobriety and healthier choices.

Phase 4: Recovery and Aftercare - Continuing Healing for Long-term Recovery

The journey of recovery continues beyond the completion of the initial rehabilitation program as it is a lifelong process. Before concluding an addiction treatment program, patients engage in discussions with counselors to establish an aftercare plan.

Crafting a robust aftercare plan holds significant importance, although the specific components of aftercare can vary from person to person.

What Are the Effects of Drug Abuse?

Drug misuse or Substance Use Disorder (SUD) typically involves the consumption of psychoactive substances that impact the brain. The specific effects on the body vary depending on the type of substance used and an individual's health background.

Physical Effects of Drug Abuse

Psychoactive drugs encompass chemical compounds that exert an influence on both the mind and body.

The consumption of different drugs can result in various effects such as:

  • Changes in coordination
  • Blood pressure and heart rate changes
  • Feelings of being more awake or sleepy
  • Improved sociability
  • Pain relief
  • Changes in the appearance of a person’s body

Short-term Physical Effects

Various drugs can induce short-term physical effects and pose potential health risks associated with Substance Use Disorder (SUD). Here are examples of common drugs along with their respective short-term physical effects and potential health risks:

Alcohol:

  • Impaired coordination
  • Increased heart rate
  • Facial flushing
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Hypothermia (possible)
  • Coma (possible)

Methamphetamines:

  • Heightened wakefulness and physical activity
  • Decreased appetite
  • Increased breathing
  • Increased or irregular heart rate
  • Elevated blood pressure
  • Elevated temperature

Cocaine:

  • Constricted blood vessels
  • Dilated pupils
  • Increased body temperature, heart rate, and blood pressure
  • Headache
  • Abdominal pain and nausea
  • Erratic and violent behavior
  • Heart attack
  • Stroke
  • Seizure
  • Coma

Benzodiazepines:

  • Slurred speech
  • Dizziness
  • Motor coordination issues
  • Slowed breathing
  • Lowered blood pressure

Heroin and other opioids:

  • Dry mouth
  • Itching
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Slowed breathing and heart rate

Tobacco and nicotine:

  • Increased blood pressure
  • Increased breathing
  • Increased heart rate
  • Increased risk of various cancers (e.g., lung, oral)
  • Chronic bronchitis
  • Emphysema
  • Heart disease
  • Leukemia
  • Cataracts
  • Pneumonia

Long-term Physical Effects

Prolonged substance use can result in enduring health implications, influenced by various factors such as the specific substance, dosage, and duration of use.

Here are examples of frequently used drugs and their potential long-term physical effects associated with Substance Use Disorder (SUD):

Alcohol:

  • Heart disease
  • Stroke
  • Alcoholic liver disease (liver inflammation and damage)
  • Pancreatitis

Digestive issues

  • Increased risk of various cancers (e.g., breast, mouth, throat, esophagus, liver, colon, rectum)
  • Weakened immune system
  • Alcohol use disorder or alcohol dependence

Methamphetamines:

  • Severe dental problems
  • Weight loss
  • Intense itching leading to skin sores
  • Risk of contracting HIV, hepatitis, and other diseases from shared needles

Cocaine and heroin (when snorted):

  • Loss of sense of smell
  • Nosebleeds
  • Nasal damage and difficulty swallowing

Other effects may include:

  • Tissue infection and death in the bowel due to reduced blood flow
  • Malnutrition and weight loss
  • Collapsed veins
  • Abscesses
  • Infection of the heart lining and valves
  • Constipation and stomach cramps
  • Liver or kidney disease
  • Pneumonia
  • Fatal overdose

Tobacco or nicotine:

  • Significantly increased risk of cancer (e.g., lung, oral)
  • Chronic bronchitis
  • Emphysema
  • Heart disease
  • Leukemia
  • Cataracts
  • Pneumonia

Mental Effects of Drug Abuse

Extended periods of Substance Use Disorder (SUD) can impact various aspects of a person's cognitive function and mental well-being, including memory, behavior, learning, consciousness, and concentration.

Psychoactive substances like alcohol, cannabis, stimulants, and opioids can alter brain function and structure when used chronically. This can lead to enduring cognitive and behavioral changes and deficiencies, persisting even after the cessation of drug use.

Short-term Mental Effects

Here are examples of common drugs and their significant short-term mental effects:

Alcohol:

  • Feelings of euphoria
  • Reduced anxiety
  • Increased ease in social interactions
  • Irritability and anxiety during withdrawal

Cannabis:

  • Enhanced sensory perception
  • Feelings of euphoria and relaxation
  • Anxiety
  • Irritability during withdrawal

Benzodiazepines:

  • Drowsiness
  • Concentration issues
  • Dizziness
  • Reduced anxiety
  • Memory problems

Heroin:

  • Feelings of euphoria
  • Restlessness during withdrawal

Prescription opioids:

  • Pain relief
  • Drowsiness
  • Feelings of euphoria

Methamphetamine:

  • Increased wakefulness
  • Anxiety during withdrawal

Long-term Mental Effects

Here are examples of common drugs and the long-term mental effects associated with Substance Use Disorder (SUD):

Alcohol:

  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Learning and memory problems
  • Social issues

Prescription opioids:

  • Increased risk of overdose

Methamphetamines:

  • Anxiety
  • Confusion
  • Insomnia
  • Mood problems
  • Violent behavior
  • Paranoia
  • Hallucinations
  • Delusions

Heroin:

  • Risk of overdose

Tobacco and nicotine:

  • In teenagers, they can impact the development of brain circuits responsible for attention and learning
  • Irritability, attention and sleep problems, and depression during withdrawal

Cannabis:

  • Mental health problems
  • Irritability, sleep difficulties, and anxiety during withdrawal.

6 Treatments for Addiction That Are Proven Successful

Here are 6 treatment methods that have been proven to be successful for addiction:

Detoxification

Detoxification is often the first step in addiction treatment. It involves safely managing withdrawal symptoms when an individual stops using drugs or alcohol. Detoxification can be done in an inpatient or outpatient setting and may include medical supervision and medications to alleviate withdrawal symptoms.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

CBT is a widely used therapeutic approach for addiction treatment. It focuses on identifying and modifying the unhealthy thoughts, beliefs, and behaviors that contribute to substance abuse. CBT helps individuals develop coping skills, manage cravings, and prevent relapse by addressing underlying psychological factors.

Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy

REBT is a form of cognitive therapy that helps individuals challenge and change irrational beliefs and thoughts that contribute to addictive behaviors. It emphasizes the connection between thoughts, emotions, and behaviors, and aims to promote rational thinking and emotional regulation.

Contingency Management

Contingency management is a behavioral therapy approach that uses positive reinforcement to encourage and reward individuals for abstaining from substance abuse. It involves providing tangible incentives such as vouchers, privileges, or prizes when desired behaviors (such as drug-free urine tests) are achieved.

12-step Facilitation

This treatment approach is based on the principles of Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) and similar 12-step programs. It involves attending meetings, working through the 12 steps, and connecting with a supportive community of individuals in recovery. 12-step facilitation focuses on accepting powerlessness over addiction, surrendering to a higher power, and seeking support from peers.

Treatment With Medication

Medications can be an essential component of addiction treatment, particularly for certain substances like opioids, alcohol, or tobacco. Medications may be used to manage withdrawal symptoms, reduce cravings, and prevent relapse. Examples of medications used in addiction treatment include methadone, buprenorphine, naltrexone, acamprosate, and nicotine replacement therapy.

Who Should See an Addiction Psychiatrist?

Individuals of all age groups experiencing substance addiction should consider consulting with an addiction psychiatrist. This recommendation also applies to those with a dual diagnosis, meaning they have a history of substance abuse along with a mental health disorder like depression, schizophrenia, or bipolar disorder.

When Should You See an Addiction Psychiatrist?

If you find yourself engaged in the misuse of prescription medications, alcohol, or illegal drugs, it is advisable to seek assistance from an addiction psychiatrist. These professionals are equipped to address not only the substance abuse itself but also various emotional and lifestyle-related symptoms that may arise. Some of these symptoms include:

1. Feeling a constant and frequent need to consume the substance.

2. Inability to discontinue or quit substance use.

3. Experiencing irritability or anxiety when the substance is unavailable.

4. Concealing substance use from loved ones.

5. Engaging in negative behaviors, such as dishonesty or theft.

6. Losing interest in activities unrelated to substance use, such as work, family time, or hobbies previously enjoyed.

7. Spending excessive amounts of money on alcohol, prescription drugs, or illicit substances.

8. Engaging in risky behaviors like multiple sexual partners or impaired driving.

What Does an Addiction Psychiatrist Treat?

An addiction psychiatrist specializes in the treatment of various diseases, disorders, and conditions, which include:

1. Anxiety disorders: This encompasses conditions such as generalized anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and specific phobias.

2. Dementia: Treatment may involve addressing the cognitive decline, memory loss, language difficulties, and changes in personality associated with different forms of dementia.

3. Eating disorders: An addiction psychiatrist can provide support for individuals dealing with anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and other related eating disorders.

4. Impulse control disorders: This includes conditions like kleptomania, characterized by a difficulty in resisting impulses to steal.

5. Mood disorders: Treatment may involve addressing depression and bipolar disorder, which encompass periods of significant sadness, loss of interest, and mood fluctuations.

6. Personality disorders: An addiction psychiatrist can assist individuals dealing with personality disorders, including antisocial personality disorder.

7. Psychotic disorders: Treatment may involve addressing conditions like schizophrenia and delusional disorder, characterized by disruptions in thinking, perception, and behavior.

8. Sleep disorders: An addiction psychiatrist can provide support for individuals experiencing sleep-related issues such as insomnia or night terrors.

9. Substance addictions: This includes addressing substance use disorders such as alcoholism, alcohol abuse, prescription medication abuse, and abuse of illegal drugs.

What Procedures and Treatments Does an Addiction Psychiatrist Perform?

Addiction psychiatrists are involved in a range of procedures and treatments aimed at managing substance abuse disorders and the associated mental health conditions. These professionals can provide care either within an inpatient rehabilitation center or through outpatient services in their private office or clinic. Here are some common procedures and treatments performed by addiction psychiatrists:

1. Detoxification treatment: Addiction psychiatrists administer supportive treatment to manage withdrawal symptoms and physical cravings that occur during the detoxification process.

2. Involuntary commitment and treatment: In severe cases of drug abuse and mental illness where the individual is unable to control their behavior, addiction psychiatrists may initiate involuntary commitment and provide necessary treatment.

3. Medications: Addiction psychiatrists prescribe medications to address specific substance use disorders and mental health conditions. These may include drugs for alcoholism, narcotic abuse, antidepressants, mood stabilizers, antipsychotics, and sedative-hypnotics.

4. Psychotherapy treatments: Addiction psychiatrists employ various psychotherapy approaches to support individuals in their recovery. This may involve psychoanalysis, cognitive-behavioral therapy, marriage and family counseling, and group therapy. The objective of addiction therapy and substance abuse treatment is to help individuals lead sober and drug-free lives.

FAQs

What is the first stage of treatment for addiction?

Detoxification is the first stage of treatment for addiction, addressing the process of safely managing withdrawal symptoms.

What is the concept of de addiction?

Deaddiction refers to the process of overcoming addiction and achieving a state of being free from substance dependence.

What 3 questions should you ask to determine if you have an addiction?

Here’s what you should ask yourself:

1. Do I experience cravings or an intense urge to use a substance?

2. Am I unable to control or stop my substance use?

3. Is my substance use causing negative consequences in my life?

What treatment is available for people with alcohol use disorders?

Treatment options for alcohol use disorders may include counseling, support groups, medications, detoxification, and residential or outpatient rehabilitation programs.

What is the purpose of rehabilitation?

The purpose of rehabilitation is to assist individuals in recovering from addiction, restoring physical and mental health, and achieving long-term sobriety and well-being.

What types of patients should go to a rehabilitation facility?

Patients who require intensive support and a structured environment to address substance abuse or addiction should consider a rehabilitation facility.

What services are provided in rehabilitation?

Rehabilitation facilities typically offer services such as detoxification, individual and group therapy, medical supervision, counseling, education, and aftercare planning.

What area of the brain is responsible for addiction?

The mesolimbic reward system, particularly involving the nucleus accumbens and dopamine pathways, is heavily involved in addiction.

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